A new article in FiveThirtyEight by Laura Bronner (Bronner 2020) is a good illustration of how effective a toy example can be. By comparing two simple scenarios, she demonstrates what I was getting at in a recent note about that Gaebler et al. critique of Knox et al.: “Knowing how often police use force against people they’ve stopped is not enough information.”
Bronner, Laura. 2020. “Why Statistics Don’t Capture the Full Extent of the Systemic Bias in Policing.” FiveThirtyEight.